The condition known as galactorrhea causes milk to leak from the breasts. The most prominent symptom of galactorrhea is the occurrence of the condition in individuals who are not breastfeeding or pregnant. Stimulation, medicine, or dysfunction of the pituitary gland can all lead to this condition.
Galactorrhea most often happens to women or people who were assigned female at birth (AFAB), but it can also happen to men or people who were assigned male at birth (AMAB), as well as to children. People who have been pregnant and are between 20 and 35 years old are most likely to have it.
Galactorrhea is a condition that occurs when a woman’s breasts produce milk or a milk-like discharge for no apparent reason. It’s possible that your breast will leak this nipple discharge on its own or when it’s touched. It has nothing to do with the production of breast milk during pregnancy or breastfeeding (chestfeeding).
Galactorrhea can be an indicator of a more serious underlying health condition, although in most cases, it is brought on by an excess of prolactin. Milk production can be stimulated by the hormone known as prolactin. The pituitary gland, which is located at the base of the brain, is responsible for producing it.
Most people with galactorrhea have a tumour on their pituitary gland that is not cancerous. Too much prolactin is being made by your pituitary gland because of the tumour (hyperprolactinemia). Prolactin is the hormone that helps you make milk after giving birth. When you have too much prolactin, your body thinks it needs to make milk, which is why you leak milk from your nipples.
Some other causes are:
When you’re not breastfeeding or pregnant, the main sign of galactorrhea is leaking a light white, milk-like fluid. It usually happens in both breasts and can leak when you squeeze your nipple or on its own.
There may be other signs of galactorrhea, such as:
It can be hard to figure out what causes galactorrhea because there are so many possible causes. The following testing can be done to know the root cause of nipple discharge:
During a physical exam, your doctor may try to get some of the fluid out of your nipple by gently looking at the area around it. Your doctor may also look for breast lumps or other suspicious areas of thickened breast tissue.
Analyzing the fluid that comes out of the nipple to see if there are fat droplets in the fluid can help confirm that the person has Galactorrhea.
A blood test to see how much prolactin is in your body. If your level of prolactin is high, your doctor will likely also check your level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
A pregnancy test to rule out pregnancy as a cause of the discharge from the nipple.
Mammography, ultrasound, or both, to get pictures of your breast tissue if your doctor finds a lump in your breast or notices other changes in your breasts or nipples that seem odd. If your blood test shows that your prolactin level is high, an MRI of your brain will be done to look for a tumour or other problem with your pituitary gland.
If your doctor thinks that a medicine you’re taking might be the cause of your galactorrhea, he or she might tell you to stop taking the medicine for a short time so that this possible cause can be checked out.
The best way to treat galactorrhea depends on what is causing it. Some people don’t need any treatment because it goes away on its own.
Your doctor may also suggest the following to treat the condition:
When galactorrhea is caused by a pituitary tumour, the tumour is usually harmless (not cancerous). If the tumour doesn’t cause any other problems, your doctor may decide that you don’t need treatment.
If a pituitary tumour needs to be treated, it is usually done with drugs that make the tumour smaller. In rare cases, a pituitary tumour may need surgery or radiation therapy to be removed or shrunk.
Dr Mansi Chowhan is a well-known surgical oncologist who has worked in his field for more than 12 years. She is an expert in breast oncoplastic surgery, head and neck surgery, and reconstructive surgery, which makes her a very good surgeon.
Dr Mansi has been a doctor for more than 12 years and has worked at some of the best hospitals in the Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR), like Fortis Healthcare (Delhi and Gurgaon), Artemis Hospital (Gurgaon), Paras Hospital (Gurgaon), and the Asian Institute of Medical Sciences (Faridabad).
Dr. Mansi Chowhan
Oncoplastic Breast Surgeon-Surgical Oncologist
MS (Gold Medalist), FIAGES, MCh Breast Oncoplasty (UK), Fellow Breast Surgery (Paris), Fellow Head & Neck Surgery, IFHNOS – MSKCC (New York)
Dr. Mansi Chowhan is an expert Oncoplastic Breast Surgeon with experience of more than 14 years and has been awarded with a gold medal during her surgical post-graduation. Dr. Mansi is well-trained from world renowned surgeons and cancer institutions like the Paris Breast Centre, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre (New York), University of East Anglia (U.K.) and Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai. She is a skilled surgeon with over 14 years of experience in some of the best hospitals in the Delhi- NCR region including Fortis Hospital, Artemis Hospital, Paras Hospital and Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, CK Birla Hospital. She works with utmost dedication and compassion to deliver international standard and personalized cancer care to the patients.
First of all, I would like to thank Dr. Mansi Cowhan for the effort she made to remove a tumor and lymph nodes from the breast of the patient Rawaa Abd Abbas from Iraq, and to follow up on the patient’s condition and gave her the right medical instructions after the operation. Now patient is in a very good health. My advice for all patients who are suffering from breast cancer is to visit Dr Mansi Chowhan she has a very good knowledge and experience in her field .Thank you to Dr Mansi.
Dr. Mansi Chowhan, my wife’s breast cancer surgeon, empathized with my wife’s condition. She gave us the technical details in understandable language. She made it clear that the approach was primarily redemptive. She was happy with us when the tests came out favorable. She was sad with us for unfavourable pointers. She was caring throughout the process. We wish that she will bring such care and comfort to many more cancer patients.
I was diagnosed with DCIS. My gynaecologist Dr.Anjali Kumar whom I have known for 12 years and trust her completely, recommended Dr Mansi Chowhan to me. I am very happy that I took the decision of getting my breast surgery done from Dr.Mansi. She is very warm, polite and understands the emotional state of a patient. She explained to me in detail what exactly will be her plan of action. I went for other opinions too but Dr. Mansi was the only doctor who didn’t ask for unnecessary tests and procedures like MRI and Biopsy. Luckily, the lump in my breast was benign. I am grateful to her for handling my case so efficiently and would highly recommend her for breast surgery.
Dr Mansi Chowhan Dr. Mansi is one of the finest, sweetest and humble doctor I have ever met! I think she follows the rule to not overcomit and under deliver. During the period of my mother’s breast cancer consultation, treatment and surgery, she was sometimes upfront for few things, which we as Patient’s family took time to digest. But I really admire and appreciate all the support that Dr. Mansi and team extended during the entire period of pre & post surgery. And the kind of tumor removal + breast conservation surgery that she has done with her magical hands is commendable. I had so many negative thoughts before the surgery, but looking at the result and my mother recovering day by day…I can’t thank her enough for doing such wonders in saving her breast and her life! ❤
Dr Mansi Chowhan is an excellent Breast Cancer specialist we have in NCR, she is just amazing.
She is my wife’s doctor. She is very caring, understanding & listens to the patients.
In as much as she is a Gold Medalist, she is very knowledgeable and gives the best advice for the treatment.
She is very genuine in her dealings. She is a very kind and soft spoken to her patients. And takes special interest in caring for her patients, My wife feels very comfortable meeting her.
We highly recommend her to everyone with the above said problem.
My mother Mrs Santosh admitted under Dr Mansi Chowhan for procedure .
She is the outstanding doctor with golden heart , attend us guide us at each & every level of investigations.
A very big thanks for her & Mr Ibrahim & whole team for supportive hands given to us to fight against disease .
God bless you all & achieve success in future.
Our gratitude towards Dr Mansi Chowhan, my wife’s treating doctor cannot be expressed in words. She diagnosed my wife’s breast cancer and took great care throughout her journey from biopsy to breast surgery to chemotherapy now. To our great relief, a breast conservation surgery was done. She is exceptionally efficient and compassionate towards her patients. Highly recommended for any breast lump or cancer.
Dr Mansi Chowhan is one of the finest, sweetest and humble doctor I have ever met! I think she follows the rule to not overcomit and under deliver. During the period of my mother’s breast cancer consultation, treatment and surgery, she was sometimes upfront for few things, which we as Patient’s family took time to digest. But I really admire and appreciate all the support that Dr. Mansi and team extended during the entire period of pre & post surgery. And the kind of tumor removal + breast conservation surgery that she has done with her magical hands is commendable. I had so many negative thoughts before the surgery, but looking at the result and my mother recovering day by day…I can’t thank her enough for doing such wonders in saving her breast and her life! ❤.
I was diagnosed with DCIS. My gynaecologist Dr.Anjali Kumar whom I have known for 12 years and trust her completely, recommended Dr Mansi Chowhan to me. I am very happy that I took the decision of getting my breast surgery done from Dr Mansi. She is very warm, polite and understands the emotional state of a patient. She explained to me in detail what exactly will be her plan of action. I went for other opinions too but She was the only doctor who didn’t ask for unnecessary tests and procedures like MRI and Biopsy. Luckily, the lump in my breast was benign. I am grateful to her for handling my case so efficiently and would highly recommend her for breast surgery..
Dr Mansi Chowhan was really a blessing for us. She was so empathetic. I went to her for Sister In Law. She operated her for carotid body tumor. We were really scared but once we met Dr Mansi. we were at ease. She excellently handled the case. She was patient enough to hear all our worries and problems. I am thankful to her for all that she has done.
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