Head & Neck Cancer Center

Buccal Mucosa Cancer

Head & Neck Cancer Center

Buccal Mucosa Cancer

Buccal Mucosa is a type of oral cancer that affects the inside of your cheek. It is a rare form of cancer, accounting for only 1-2% of all cancers that occur in the mouth. Despite being rare, buccal mucosa cancer is more aggressive than other forms of oral cancer, and it can be difficult to treat.

This guide will provide you with everything you need to know about buccal mucosa cancer, from its symptoms and causes to its treatment options.

What are the symptoms of buccal mucosa cancer?

The most common symptom of buccal mucosa cancer is a sore or ulcer on the inside of your cheek that does not heal. It varies depending on the location and size of the tumor. Other symptoms may include:

  1. A mass or lump on the inside of your cheek that does not heal
  2. Red or white patches on the lining of the mouth
  3. Bleeding from the mouth
  4. Pain or numbness in your cheek
  5. Difficulty moving your jaw
  6. Drooling or saliva build-up on the affected side of your mouth
  7. Loss of appetite
  8. Swelling of your face
  9. Ear pain
  10. Weight loss

If you experience any of these symptoms in combination, it is important to see a doctor right away.

What Causes Buccal Mucosa Cancer?

The cause of buccal mucosa cancer is unknown, but there are several risk factors that may increase your chance of developing this disease. These include:

  1. Tobacco use: Cigarette smoking is the most important risk factor for buccal mucosa cancer. People who smoke are six times more likely to develop this cancer than those who do not smoke.
  2. Alcohol use: Drinking alcohol increases your risk of buccal mucosa cancer. The more alcohol you drink, the greater your risk.
  3. Betel nut use: Chewing betel nuts can increase your risk of buccal mucosa cancer.
  4. Human papillomavirus (HPV): HPV is a group of viruses that can infect the skin and mucous membranes. HPV is the most common cause of cervical cancer, as well as some types of cancer of the head and neck.
  5. Sun exposure: Excessive sun exposure can increase your risk of buccal mucosa cancer.

Diagnosing Buccal Mucosa Cancer

As mentioned above, the most common symptom of buccal mucosa cancer is a sore or ulcer in the mouth that doesn’t heal. If you have this symptom, your doctor will likely refer you to a dentist or oral surgeon for an evaluation

Imaging tests. Your doctor may order X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to get a better look at the tumor and see if it has spread

Biopsy. The only way to confirm that you have cancer is to have a biopsy, in which a small sample of tissue is removed and examined under a microscope. Your doctor may do this in the office using local anesthesia, or you may be referred to a hospital or other medical center for more extensive surgery

What are the stages of Buccal Mucosa Cancer?

The stage of cancer is a way of describing how far it has spread in the body. It is important to know the stage of your cancer so that your healthcare team can develop an appropriate treatment plan. There are four main stages of Buccal Mucosa cancer:

  • Stage 0: Cancer cells are present in the lining of the mouth but have not spread to other parts of the body
  • Stage I: Cancer cells have spread to the deeper layers of the mouth but have not spread to other parts of the body
  • Stage II: Cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes but have not spread to other parts of the body
  • Stage III: Cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs or liver
  • Treatment for Buccal Mucosa Cancer

    The best course of treatment for Buccal Mucosa cancer depends on a number of factors, including the stage and type of cancer, your age and overall health, and your preferences. In early stages, treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. If the cancer has spread, treatment may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy or palliative care to ease symptoms


    Surgery is a common treatment for buccal mucosa cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove the tumor and any associated lymph nodes. This may be done through an incision in your mouth or through a more extensive operation if the cancer has spread
    Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams like X-rays to kill cancer cells. It may be used alone or in combination with surgery


    Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be given intravenously or as a pill that you take by mouth. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with radiation therapy

    Palliative care

    Palliative care is treatment to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life for people with terminal illnesses like buccal mucosa cancer. It may include pain management, nutrition counseling and psychological supportCoping with buccal mucosa cancer

    The diagnosis of buccal mucosa cancer can be frightening, and you may feel overwhelmed and scared. It’s important to remember that you are not alone. You can get help from your doctor, family and friends to cope with the diagnosis.

    What is the prognosis of Buccal Mucosa Cancer?

    The prognosis of Buccal Mucosa Cancer can vary depending on a number of factors, including the stage of the cancer, the age and health of the patient, and how well the cancer is responding to treatment. In general, however, the 5-year survival rate for patients with Buccal Mucosa Cancer is about 50%.

    This means that about 50% of patients will be alive 5 years after being diagnosed with this type of cancer. However, there are many cases where patients survive much longer than 5 years – some have been known to live for 10 or even 20 years after being diagnosed. It is important to remember that each case is unique, and that your prognosis will depend on your individual situation. If you have any

    Choosing Best Doctor for Buccal Mucosa Cancer

    If you have been diagnosed with Buccal Mucosa cancer, it is important to seek the advice of a specialist. A specialist is a doctor who has had additional training in a particular area of medicine. There are many different types of specialists, including cancer specialists (oncologists), radiation oncologists, and surgeons.

    Your family doctor or general practitioner can refer you to a specialist. You can also ask your friends or relatives for recommendations. The internet can also be a helpful source of information about specialists in your area.

    When choosing a specialist, it is important to consider the following factors:

    1. The doctor’s experience and expertise in treating Buccal Mucosa cancer
    2. The hospital’s or clinic’s experience in treating Buccal Mucosa cancer
    3. The doctor’s ability to communicate with you

Dr. Vineet Kaul Head and Neck Surgical Oncologist CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram Hypopharyngeal Cancer, Laryngeal Cancer, Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer, Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Oropharyngeal Cancer, Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer, Salivary Gland Cancer, Oral Cancer, Throat Cancer, pharynx Cancer, Voice box Cancer, larynx Cancer, Paranasal sinuses Cancer, nasal cavity Cancer, Salivary glands Cancer, Head Cancer, Neck Cancer, Lip and oral cavity surgery, Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer surgery, Thyroid and parathyroid gland surgery, Salivary gland surgery, Nose and sinus tumour surgery, Mandible (lower jaw) and Maxilla (upper jaw) tumour surgery, Microlaryngeal surgery, Laryngotracheal reconstruction, Paediatric head and neck solid tumour surgery, Scalp and face cutaneous cancer surgery, Minimal access to head and neck surgery, Endoscopic and open skull base surgery, Complex neck neurogenic tumours and paraganglioma surgery,

Dr Vineet Kaul has an overall experience of more than 9 years. Before joining the CK Birla Hospital, he was working as a Consultant, Head & Neck Surgery at Artemis Hospital, Gurugram. Dr Vineet Kaul is a versatile and experienced Head and Neck Surgical Oncologist. He did his fellowship training at IFHNOS-MSKCC, New York. Then he completed his clinical observership at the prestigious head and neck DMG, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai. Dr Vineet is well-trained in performing head and neck plastic reconstruction procedures and complex anterior and lateral skull base surgeries. Also, he has numerous publications in national and international journals to his credit. He is a life member of the Foundation for Head and Neck Oncology, India and the Association of Otolaryngologists of India.

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Dr. Vineet Kaul Sir is a highly skilled and enthusiastic Oncosurgeon. He manages challenging and difficult cancer surgeries like Head & Neck surgeries in a wonderful way. His Care for the patient before , during and after operation is commendable. From consultation and behaviour to the treatment, minimal access to the surgical site everything is excellent.
He is a brilliant surgeon.His passion for his branch can be seen while he is performing any cancer surgery.A very polite and down to earth person. Working with him inside OT is always pleasurable.

Mrs. Kaur


Dr. Vineet Kaul is a brilliant cancer surgeon, I had the priviledge of collaborating with him and then could I know the excellent outcome of his surgeries…

A very polite and down to earth person he is….

Highly recommended 👍

Mr. Prabhat


From the consultation and behaviour to the treatment, everything is excellent. Got cancer surgery of my father in law last year and he is alright now.
All the best to Dr. Vineet Kaul

Mrs. Neha Kamal


I consuted Dr. Vineet Kaul regarding my wife. I found his dealing of the patient very compassionate and and full of empathy. His advise was very practical and not economy driven . his knowledge of the subject is latest. I recommend him to all cancer patients.

Mr. Vilas Ram


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