Gynaecological Cancers: Cancers that start in a woman’s reproductive system are called gynaecological cancers – but awareness levels of these cancers is very low.
It refers to the five cancers that start in a woman’s reproductive system-
Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix (also known as the neck of the womb) which connects a woman’s womb and her vagina. Cervical cancer can affect women of all ages but affects women primarily 30 – 45 years of age. It is very rare in women under 25 years of age.
Cancer of the ovary is most common in post -menopausal women, although it can affect women of any age. There are many types of ovarian cancer, with epithelial ovarian cancer being by far the most common form. Germ cell and stromal ovarian cancers are much less common.
Vaginal cancer is a rare cancer that occurs in your vagina — the muscular tube that connects your uterus with your outer genitals. Vaginal cancer most commonly occurs in the cells that line the surface of your vagina, which is sometimes called the birth canal.
A type of cancer that occurs on the outer surface area of female genitals. Vulvar cancer is most commonly diagnosed in older women. Risks include exposure to human papillomavirus (HPV) and smoking. An early diagnosis reduces the likelihood that extensive treatment will be required. Vulvar cancer commonly forms as a lump or sore on the vulva that often causes itching. Treatment usually involves surgery to remove the cancer and a small amount of surrounding healthy tissue.
Cancer of the womb can be called several different names by your healthcare professional including uterine cancer because this is the medical name for the womb, or endometrial cancer which is cancer within the lining of the womb.